α-Bisabolol Attenuates Doxorubicin Induced Renal Toxicity by Modulating NF-κB/MAPK Signaling and Caspase-Dependent Apoptosis in Rats

Seenipandi Arunachalam, M. F. Nagoor Meeran, Sheikh Azimullah, Niraj Kumar Jha, Dhanya Saraswathiamma, Sandeep Subramanya, Alia Albawardi, Shreesh Ojha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Doxorubicin (DOX) is a well-known and effective antineoplastic agent of the anthracycline family. But, multiple organ toxicities compromise its invaluable therapeutic usage. Among many toxicity types, nephrotoxicity is one of the major concerns. In recent years many approaches, including bioactive agents of natural origin, have been explored to provide protective effects against chemotherapy-related complications. α-Bisabolol is a naturally occurring monocyclic sesquiterpene alcohol identified in the essential oils of various aromatic plants and possesses a wide range of pharmacological properties such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, cardioprotective, antibiotic, anti-irritant, and anticancer activities. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of α-Bisabolol on DOX-induced nephrotoxicity in Wistar male albino rats. Nephrotoxicity was induced in rats by injecting a single dose of DOX (12.5 mg/kg, i.p.), and the test compound, α-Bisabolol (25 mg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally along with DOX as a co-treatment daily for 5 days. DOX-injected rats showed reduction in body weight along with a concomitant fall in antioxidants and increased lipid peroxidation in the kidney. DOX-injection also increased levels/expressions of proinflammatory cytokines namely tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and inflammatory mediators like inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and activated nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB)/mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) signaling in the kidney tissues. DOX also triggered apoptotic cell death, evidenced by the increased expression of pro-apoptotic markers like BCL2-Associated X Protein (Bax), cleaved caspase-3, caspase- 9, and cytochrome-C) and a decrease in the expressions of anti-apoptotic markers namely B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl2) and B-cell lymphoma-extra large (Bcl-xL) in the kidney. These biochemical alterations were additionally supported by light microscopic findings, which revealed structural alterations in the kidney. However, treatment with α-Bisabolol prevented body weight loss, restored antioxidants, mitigated lipid peroxidation, and inhibited the rise in proinflammatory cytokines, as well as favorably modulated the expressions of NF-κB/MAPK signaling and apoptosis markers in DOX-induced nephrotoxicity. Based on the results observed, it can be concluded that α-Bisabolol has potential to attenuate DOX-induced nephrotoxicity by inhibiting oxidative stress and inflammation mediated activation of NF-κB/MAPK signaling alongwith intrinsic pathway of apoptosis in rats. The study findings are suggestive of protective potential of α-Bisabolol in DOX associated nephrotoxicity and this could be potentially useful in minimizing the adverse effects of DOX and may be a potential agent or adjuvant for renal protection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10528
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume23
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2022

Keywords

  • NF-κB/MAPK signaling
  • apoptosis
  • doxorubicin
  • nephrotoxicity
  • phytochemicals
  • renal toxicity
  • α-Bisabolol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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