1D Three-state mean-field Potts model with first- and second-order phase transitions

Massimo Ostilli, Farrukh Mukhamedov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


We analyze a three-state Potts model built over a lattice ring, with coupling J0, and the fully connected graph, with coupling J. This model is effectively mean-field and can be exactly solved by using transfer-matrix method and Cardano formula. When J and J0 are both ferromagnetic, the model has a first-order phase transition which turns out to be a smooth modification of the known phase transition of the traditional mean-field Potts model (J0=0), despite, as we prove, the connected correlation functions are now non zero, even in the paramagnetic phase. Furthermore, besides the first-order transition, there exists also a hidden continuous transition at a temperature below which the symmetric metastable state ceases to exist. When J is ferromagnetic and J0 antiferromagnetic, a similar antiferromagnetic counterpart phase transition scenario applies. Quite interestingly, differently from the Ising-like two-state case, for large values of the antiferromagnetic coupling J0, the critical temperature of the system tends to a finite value. Similarly, also the latent heat per spin tends to a finite constant in the limit of J0→−∞.

Original languageEnglish
Article number124415
JournalPhysica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2020


  • Effective mean field
  • Exact results
  • Phase transitions
  • Potts model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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