A Conceptual Home for Reading Stories in Arabic, Chinese, and English: A Schema Analysis

Negmeldin Alsheikh, Maha Al Habbash, Najah Al Mohammedi, Xu Liu, Safa Al Othali, Ghada Al Kilani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This case study elucidates culture-based narrative texts based on the interpretation of Arabic, Chinese, and English native speakers. A maximum variation technique of purposeful sampling was used to capture the experience of the participants. The study employed a collective case study and adopted schema analysis, analyzing metaphors and interviewing participants. The study explored metaphors, including probing time, elaboration, content recall, and distortion generated by the participants while reading English text-based in a foreign context. The results revealed that culturally familiar texts stimulated readers’ cultural schemata and enhanced their reading interpretation. The distortion and confusion that occurred while reading the unfamiliar texts could hamper readers’ curiosity to instigate and build new cultural schemata. Furthermore, there was a reciprocal interweaving between cultural schema and linguistic competence, regardless of the nature of the cultural text and its familiarity or unfamiliarity. The study recommends further investigation about using English for cultural purposes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-124
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Society, Culture and Language
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022


  • Arabic
  • Chinese
  • Cultural schema
  • English
  • Reading stories

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Education
  • Anthropology
  • Linguistics and Language


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