A Correlational Analysis of Tethered Swimming, Swim Sprint Performance and Dry-land Power Assessments

Irineu Loturco, A. C. Barbosa, R. K. Nocentini, L. A. Pereira, R. Kobal, K. Kitamura, C. C.C. Abad, P. Figueiredo, F. Y. Nakamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)


Swimmers are often tested on both dry-land and in swimming exercises. The aim of this study was to test the relationships between dry-land, tethered force-time curve parameters and swimming performances in distances up to 200 m. 10 young male high-level swimmers were assessed using the maximal isometric bench-press and quarter-squat, mean propulsive power in jump-squat, squat and countermovement jumps (dry-land assessments), peak force, average force, rate of force development (RFD) and impulse (tethered swimming) and swimming times. Pearson product-moment correlations were calculated among the variables. Peak force and average force were very largely correlated with the 50- and 100-m swimming performances (r=- 0.82 and -0.74, respectively). Average force was very-largely/largely correlated with the 50- and 100-m performances (r=- 0.85 and -0.67, respectively). RFD and impulse were very-largely correlated with the 50-m time (r=- 0.72 and -0.76, respectively). Tethered swimming parameters were largely correlated (r=0.65 to 0.72) with mean propulsive power in jump-squat, squat-jump and countermovement jumps. Finally, mean propulsive power in jump-squat was largely correlated (r=- 0.70) with 50-m performance. Due to the significant correlations between dry-land assessments and tethered/actual swimming, coaches are encouraged to implement strategies able to increase leg power in sprint swimmers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-218
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Medicine
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • muscle power
  • strength
  • swimmers
  • tether forces
  • training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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