The focus of this paper is on mitigating the impact of near-field tsunami detection on humans and the environment. We propose a hybrid network infrastructure that combines an undersea sensor network with fiber optic cable for cost effective, timely, and reliable near-field tsunami detection. We first formulate a cost minimization problem for near-field tsunami detection. To capture important characteristics of the environment, the optimization model incorporates into its formalization important sea environment factors and a realistic acoustic propagation model. A heuristic approach is developed to derive a near-optimal solution to the original cost minimization problem. To demonstrate the viability of the proposed model, a case study, focused on Padang City is used, and a comparative analysis of different network configurations, using different design parameters and cost scenarios is performed. Three different cost functions, namely linear, power-law, and logarithmic, are used in the analysis. The results show that the heuristic computes efficient network configurations when a solution exists, for the linear, logarithmic, and power-law cost functions. However, further assessment should be made on the results to anticipate a local maximum that may exist in the cost function.
- Fiber optic cable
- Near-field tsunami
- Undersea sensor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
- Safety Research
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health