A cross-sectional study confirms temporary post-COVID-19 vaccine menstrual irregularity and the associated physiological changes among vaccinated women in Jordan

Ensaf Y. Almomani, Rima Hajjo, Ahmad Qablan, Dima A. Sabbah, Abass Al-Momany

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: COVID-19 vaccines continue to save people’s lives around the world; however, some vaccine adverse events have been a major concern which slowed down vaccination campaigns. Anecdotal evidence pointed to the vaccine effect on menstruation but evidence from the adverse event reporting systems and the biomedical literature was lacking. This study aimed to investigate the physiological changes in women during menstruation amid the COVID-19 vaccination. Methods: A cross-sectional online survey was distributed to COVID-19 vaccinated women from Nov 2021 to Jan 2022. The results were analyzed using the SPSS software. Results: Among the 564 vaccinated women, 52% experienced significant menstrual irregularities post-vaccination compared to before regardless of the vaccine type. The kind of menstrual irregularity varied among the vaccinated women, for example, 33% had earlier menstruation, while 35% reported delayed menstruation. About 31% experienced heavier menstruation, whereas 24% had lighter menstrual flow. About 29% had menstruation last longer, but 13% had it shorter than usual. Noteworthy, the menstrual irregularities were more frequent after the second vaccine shot, and they disappeared within 3 months on average. Interestingly, 24% of the vaccinated women reported these irregularities to their gynecologist. Conclusion: The COVID-19 vaccine may cause physiological disturbances during menstruation. Luckily, these irregularities were short-termed and should not be a reason for vaccine hesitancy in women. Further studies are encouraged to unravel the COVID-19 vaccine adverse effect on women’s health.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1211283
JournalFrontiers in Medicine
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • adverse events
  • COVID-19 vaccine
  • Jordan
  • menstrual cycle irregularity
  • vaccinated women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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