A defined antigen skin test for the diagnosis of bovine tuberculosis

Sreenidhi Srinivasan, Gareth Jones, Maroudam Veerasami, Sabine Steinbach, Thomas Holder, Aboma Zewude, Abebe Fromsa, Gobena Ameni, Laurel Easterling, Douwe Bakker, Nicholas Juleff, Glen Gifford, R. G. Hewinson, H. Martin Vordermeier, Vivek Kapur

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40 Citations (Scopus)


Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a major zoonotic disease of cattle that is endemic in much of the world, limiting livestock productivity and representing a global public health threat. Because the standard tuberculin skin test precludes implementation of Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine–based control programs, we here developed and evaluated a novel peptide-based defined antigen skin test (DST) to diagnose bTB and to differentiate infected from vaccinated animals (DIVA). The results, in laboratory assays and in experimentally or naturally infected animals, demonstrate that the peptide-based DST provides DIVA capability and equal or superior performance over the extant standard tuberculin surveillance test. Together with the ease of chemical synthesis, quality control, and lower burden for regulatory approval compared with recombinant antigens, the results of our studies show that the DST considerably improves a century-old standard and enables the development and implementation of critically needed surveillance and vaccination programs to accelerate bTB control.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbereaax4899
JournalScience advances
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 17 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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