A dietary conjugated linoleic acid treatment that slows renal disease progression alters renal cyclooxygenase-2-derived prostanoids in the Han: SPRD-cy rat

Andrew P. Wakefield, Malcolm R. Ogborn, Naser Ibrahim, Harold M. Aukema

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A mixture of dietary conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers reduces inflammation and mitigates disease progression in the Han:SPRD-cy rat model of chronic kidney disease. Since cyclooxygenase (COX) activities and prostanoid levels are higher in diseased kidneys in this rat, and dietary CLA can inhibit COX2 and prostanoid production in other tissues, the effects of dietary CLA were investigated. Kidney homogenates from normal and diseased Han:SPRD-cy rats were analyzed for prostanoid levels under various conditions: endogenous levels, steady-state levels (60-min incubations) and produced by COX isoforms. Thromboxane B2 (TXB2; TXA2 metabolite), 6-keto-prostaglandin F (6-keto-PGF; PGI2 metabolite) and PGE2 levels under these conditions were two- to ninefold higher in diseased kidneys. Dietary CLA resulted in ~32%-53% lower levels of prostanoids produced by total COX and COX2 activities in normal and diseased kidneys and partially mitigated alterations in COX2 protein levels associated with disease. The COX1 protein and activity were higher in renal disease, resulting in increased production of TXB2 and 6-ketoPGF, but not PGE2. Dietary CLA had no effect on COX1, however. Disease resulted in up to twofold higher ratios of TXB2/6-ketoPGF, TXB2/PGE2 and 6-ketoPGF /PGE2, and dietary CLA partially mitigated these increases under several conditions. Elevated levels of renal membrane associated cytosolic phospholipase A2 in diseased kidneys also were reduced by 50% with CLA feeding. The effects of CLA feeding on COX2 protein levels and activity indicate that the beneficial effect of dietary CLA in this renal disorder is mediated in part via effects on COX2-derived prostanoids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)908-914
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Volume23
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Conjugated linoleic acid
  • Cyclooxygenase 2
  • Kidney disease
  • Phospholipase A
  • Prostanoid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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