In this paper, a reconfigurable patch antenna with Circular Polarization (CP) diversity with theoretical discussion and verification is proposed for fifth generation (5G) of mobile communication systems. The proposed antenna contains two PIN diodes, which are correctly placed on the ground plane to obtain polarization diversity. By switching between two ON/OFF modes in the PIN diodes, the proposed antenna can support either the RHCP mode or the LHCP mode. An antenna with the well-matched impedance bandwidths (S11 ≤ −10 dB) of 2.5 GHz (27 ∼ 29.5 GHz) and 3 GHz (36 ∼ 39 GHz) and the dual-band 3-dB axial ratios of 6% (27.3–29 GHz) and 8.4% (35–38.2 GHz) operates in both the RHCP and LHCP modes. The experimental result shows that the proposed antenna has a circular polarization bandwidth at the central frequencies of 28 and 38 GHz for both the RHCP and LHCP.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials