A Facile and Template-Free One-Pot Synthesis of Mn3O4 Nanostructures as Electrochemical Supercapacitors

Zhenjun Qi, Adnan Younis, Dewei Chu, Sean Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we report an effective, simple, and cost-effective strategy of electrochemical deposition to prepare hausmannite Mn3O4 thin films for the applications of supercapacitors. Various precursor concentrations and deposition durations were manipulated to tailor the surface morphologies of Mn3O4 nanostructures and to optimize their electrochemical performances. The Mn3O4 samples prepared at 0.05 M Mn(NO3)2 solution for 30 min delivered a large gravimetric specific capacitance of 210 F g−1 at a current density of 0.5 A g−1, and a good rate capability over other samples. This superior electrochemical performance may be attributed to the improved electrode conductivity with increased accessible area for electrolytes ions. Furthermore, a nanocomposite film based on Mn3O4/carbon foam was fabricated by utilizing the developed optimized conditions. The Mn3O4/carbon foam films exhibit an excellent specific capacitance with negligible degradation in retaining specific capacitance values up to 4000 cycles. These findings could further broaden the applications of hausmannite Mn3O4 in electrochemical energy storage electrodes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-173
Number of pages9
JournalNano-Micro Letters
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Charge storage
  • Electrochemical deposition
  • Supercapacitors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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