A facile synthesis of Bi2O3/SnS2 and Ag@Bi2O3/SnS2 nanostructures and their enhanced photodegradation application toward RhB

S. Jain, N. Kumar, S. Sharma, D. Parmar, R. K. Sharma, M. Tahir, K. Kumari, G. Rani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, the binary Bi2O3/SnS2 (2 & 4 wt%) and ternary Ag (2, 4 & 6 wt%)@Bi2O3/SnS2 (2 wt%) nanostructures were prepared by the facile precipitation and deposition method. The synthesized materials were characterized by using several analytical methods such as X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray, ultraviolet visible diffuse reflectance specctroscopy, photoluminescence, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The organic pollutant Rhodamine B (RhB) was used to determine the photocatalytic efficiency of prepared nanocomposites. Bi2O3/SnS2 and Ag@Bi2O3/SnS2 nanocomposites showed the maximum photocatalytic activity in acidic medium. As photocatalyst, ternary nanocomposite Ag (4 wt%)@Bi2O3/SnS2 (2 wt%) exhibited admirable performance (99.85% degradation in 40 min) in comparison to binary Bi2O3/SnS2 (2 wt%) nanocomposite for the degradation of RhB (98.95% degradation in 40 min). The enhanced activity was ascribed to the fabrication of Z-type heterojunctions which are beneficial for the effective separation of photoinduced charged species and decrease the recombination rate of charge carrier species. Also, the Ag (4 wt%) @ Bi2O3/SnS2 (2 wt%) photocatalyst showed magnificent stability after five cycles, in which the efficiency dropped by 5.31% only. The role of scavengers involved during the degradation reaction was conducted, and from this experimentation, the superoxide anion radicals and holes are found responsible dominant active species for the RhB degradation. This research work highlights the enhanced photocatalytic abilities and performance ofAg@Bi2O3/SnS2 for the elimination of organic pollutants such as RhB dye and it would exhibit the potential application in wastewater treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100539
JournalMaterials Today Sustainability
Volume24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

Keywords

  • Heterojunctions
  • Nanocomposite
  • Photodegradation
  • Rhodamine B
  • Scavengers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Materials Science

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