In this paper, we provide an epidemic SIR model with long-range temporal memory. The model is governed by delay differential equations with fractional-order. We assume that the susceptible is obeying the logistic form in which the incidence term is of saturated form with the susceptible. Several theoretical results related to the existence of steady states and the asymptotic stability of the steady states are discussed. We use a suitable Lyapunov functional to formulate a new set of sufficient conditions that guarantee the global stability of the steady states. The occurrence of Hopf bifurcation is captured when the time-delay τ passes through a critical value τ*. Theoretical results are validated numerically by solving the governing system, using the modified Adams-Bashforth-Moulton predictor-corrector scheme. Our findings show that the combination of fractional-order derivative and time-delay in the model improves the dynamics and increases complexity of the model. In some cases, the phase portrait gets stretched as the order of the derivative is reduced.
- Bifurcation theory
- Fractional calculus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- General Mathematics
- General Physics and Astronomy
- Applied Mathematics