A fractional order model that studies terrorism and corruption codynamics as epidemic disease

Isa Abdullahi Baba, Fathalla A. Rihan, Evren Hincal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Terrorism and corruption have extreme sequel towards developing economies. Many research studied terrorism, corruption and organized crime effect on macroeconomic aggregates in developing countries. Still, there is no enough literature on the coexistence of the duo. In this study, we formulate a fractional order mathematical model to study the dynamics of terrorism and corruption coexistence in communities. Existence, uniqueness and stability analysis of the solution of the model is shown. Numerical simulations are carried out to support the analytic results. Dynamics of different populations in the model is studied over a period of two years. Significance of terrorism transmission rate and corruption transmission rate in the propagation of terrorism and corruption is shown respectively. Recommendations are given to relevant stake holders for the most significant way to avert the spread of both terrorism and corruption.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113292
JournalChaos, Solitons and Fractals
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023


  • Corruption
  • Existence
  • Fractional order
  • Numerical simulation
  • Stability
  • Terrorism
  • Uniqueness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • General Mathematics
  • Mathematical Physics
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Applied Mathematics


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