A kinetic modeling and energy conversion evaluation of biohydrogen production using a co-culture of green microalgae and wastewater activated sludge

Muhammad Asad Javed, Ashraf Aly Hassan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Biohydrogen production is influenced by various parameters such as production formation rate, substrates degradation, and biomass utilization. Therefore, it is crucial to predict the kinetics of proper yield. This study was designed to perform a comprehensive kinetic analysis based on several linear or non-linear models. The experimental data analyzed was different co-culture ratios of microalgae and activated sludge with hexitols (glucose, sorbitol, mannitol) as carbon substrates. Results suggest that modified Gompertz model best predicts biohydrogen potential and acetate production in different co-cultures with high R2 values (>0.977 and > 0.982), respectively. A maximum of 9.8 % energy conversion efficiency is achieved in 10 g/L glucose supplemented co-culture, equivalent to traditional fuels. The linearized Luedeking–Piret model also indicates that biohydrogen production is influenced more by substrate degradation/utilization than microalgal biomass. These tools can be utilized to optimize the operational parameters and access the best fit of experimental data for enhanced yield.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)148-160
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume57
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 29 2024

Keywords

  • Anaerobic digestion
  • Biohydrogen prediction
  • Chlorella vulgaris
  • Co-culturing
  • Energy conversion efficiency
  • Model fitting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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