A microsomal GTPase is required for glycopeptide export from the mammalian endoplasmic reticulum

Bassam R.S. Ali, Agneta Tjernberg, Brian T. Chait, Mark C. Field

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Bidirectional transport of proteins via the Sec61p translocon across the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane is a recognized component of the ER quality control machinery. Following translocation and engagement by the luminal quality control system, misfolded and unassembled proteins are exported from the ER lumen back to the cytosol for degradation by the proteasome. Additionally, other ER contents, including oligosaccharides, oligopeptides, and glycopeptides, are efficiently exported from mammalian and yeast systems, indicating that bidirectional transport across ER membranes is a general eukaryotic phenomenon. Glycopeptide and protein export from the ER in in vitro systems is both ATP- and cytosol-dependent. Using a well established system to study glycopeptide export and conventional liquid chromatography, we isolated a single polypeptide species of 23 kDa from rat liver cytosol that was capable of fully supporting glycopeptide export from rat microsomes in the presence of an ATP-regenerating system. The protein was identified by mass spectrometric sequence analysis as guanylate kinase (GK), a housekeeping enzyme critical in the regulation of cellular GTP levels. We confirmed the ability of GK to substitute for complete cytosol by reconstitution of glycopeptide export from rat liver microsomes using highly purified recombinant GK from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Most significantly, we found that the GK (and hence the cytosolic component) requirement was fully bypassed by low micromolar concentrations of GDP or GTP. Similarly, export was inhibited by non-hydrolyzable analogues of GDP and GTP, indicating a requirement for GTP hydrolysis. Membrane integrity was fully maintained under assay conditions, as no ER luminal proteins were released. Competence for glycopeptide export was abolished by very mild protease treatment of microsomes, indicating the presence of an essential protein on the cytosolic face of the ER membrane. These data demonstrate that export of glycopeptide export is controlled by a microsomal GTPase and is independent of cytosolic protein factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33222-33230
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number43
Publication statusPublished - Oct 27 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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