A molecular dynamics study of water nucleation using the TIP4P/2005 model

Alejandro Pérez, Angel Rubio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


Extensive molecular dynamics simulations were conducted using the TIP4P/2005 water model of Abascal and Vega [J. Chem. Phys. 123, 234505 (2005)] to investigate its condensation from supersaturated vapor to liquid at 330 K. The mean first passage time method [J. Wedekind, R. Strey, and D. Reguera, J. Chem. Phys. 126, 134103 (2007); L. S. Bartell and D. T. Wu, 125, 194503 (2006)] was used to analyze the influence of finite size effects, thermostats, and charged species on the nucleation dynamics. We find that the Nosé-Hoover thermostat and the one proposed by Bussi [J. Chem. Phys. 126, 014101 (2007)] give essentially the same averages. We identify the maximum thermostat coupling time to guarantee proper thermostating for these simulations. The presence of charged species has a dramatic impact on the dynamics, inducing a marked change towards a pure growth regime, which highlights the importance of ions in the formation of liquid droplets in the atmosphere. It was found a small but noticeable sign preference at intermediate cluster sizes (between 5 and 30 water molecules) corresponding mostly to the formation of the second solvation shell around the ion. The TIP4P/2005 water model predicts that anions induce faster formation of water clusters than cations of the same magnitude of charge.

Original languageEnglish
Article number244505
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - Dec 28 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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