A Novel Design of PR Controller with Antiwindup Scheme for Single-Phase Interconnected PV Systems

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14 Citations (Scopus)


This article presents the design methodology of an alternative approach for implementing proportional-resonant (PR) controller for single-phase grid-tied inverter. The developed PR controller is designed to regulate the grid current with the aim of controlling either the dc-link voltage or the active/reactive power injected into the grid. The control design is based on combining a state feedback controller with a disturbance observer. It turns out that the composite controller can be expressed as a PR controller plus an antiwindup scheme. The latter is required by the resonant portion of the PR controller to attenuate the effect of the control input saturation during transients. On the other hand, when the voltage harmonics are taken into account in the observer design, the composite controller reduces to multiple resonant controllers with an antiwindup scheme. The performance of the existing PR controller was investigated under control saturation to highlight the poor transient performances associated with modulating signal limitation. Experimental tests have been conducted to verify the the performance of the proposed controller. The obtained results demonstrated good transient performances compared with the existing PR controller, particularly during control saturation. Furthermore, performance results under voltage harmonics showed that the proposed controller can achieve accurate control of the current with low total harmonic distortion values.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9472981
Pages (from-to)5461-5475
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industry Applications
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sept 1 2021


  • Antiwindup scheme
  • disturbance observer
  • harmonic mitigation
  • resonant control
  • single-phase grid-tied inverter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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