A Novel Patient Similarity Network (PSN) Framework Based on Multi-Model Deep Learning for Precision Medicine

Alramzana Nujum Navaz, Hadeel T. El Kassabi, Mohamed Adel Serhani, Abderrahim Oulhaj, Khaled Khalil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Precision medicine can be defined as the comparison of a new patient with existing patients that have similar characteristics and can be referred to as patient similarity. Several deep learning models have been used to build and apply patient similarity networks (PSNs). However, the challenges related to data heterogeneity and dimensionality make it difficult to use a single model to reduce data dimensionality and capture the features of diverse data types. In this paper, we propose a multi-model PSN that considers heterogeneous static and dynamic data. The combination of deep learning models and PSN allows ample clinical evidence and information extraction against which similar patients can be compared. We use the bidirectional encoder representations from transformers (BERT) to analyze the contextual data and generate word embedding, where semantic features are captured using a convolutional neural network (CNN). Dynamic data are analyzed using a long-short-term-memory (LSTM)-based autoencoder, which reduces data dimensionality and preserves the temporal features of the data. We propose a data fusion approach combining temporal and clinical narrative data to estimate patient similarity. The experiments we conducted proved that our model provides a higher classification accuracy in determining various patient health outcomes when compared with other traditional classification algorithms.

Original languageEnglish
Article number768
JournalJournal of Personalized Medicine
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2022

Keywords

  • BERT
  • autoencoder
  • big data
  • deep learning
  • electronic health records
  • patient
  • patient similarity network
  • patient-centered framework
  • personalized healthcare
  • precision medicine
  • transformers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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