A progression in the techniques of reducing RCS for the targets

Muhammad Ubaid Ullah, Tarik Bin Abdul Latef, Mohamadariff Othman, Mousa Hussein, Hamad M. Alkhoori, Yoshihide Yamada, Kamilia Kamardin, Raheela Khalid

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


This review is based on the radar cross-section (RCS) reduction techniques, with the prominence of the metasurface and its design. The thorough detail starts with introducing the concepts of the RCS and its reduction techniques. Then, traditional and recent techniques are provided to reduce RCS, emphasizing the scattering and absorption methods. An in-depth analysis of shaping processes and Radar Absorbing Materials (RAM) is provided, which are two standard RCS reduction techniques. It also thoroughly analyses the metamaterial-based RCS reduction, considering both active and passive configurations. The primary aspects covered regarding the utilization of metasurfaces for reducing RCS include profile, conformality, polarization sensitivity, and design complexity. To provide comparison and evaluation, the review includes tabulated information on performance parameters such as the method used, frequency range, size, optimization method, and planar or conformal design of RCS reduction. Additionally, the paper identifies areas within the field that require further in-depth research and investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)153-169
Number of pages17
JournalAlexandria Engineering Journal
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2024


  • Absorption
  • Metasurface
  • RCS reduction
  • RCS reduction techniques
  • Scattering
  • Stealth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering


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