A review of charging algorithms for nickel and lithium battery chargers

Ala Al-Haj Hussein, Issa Batarseh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

246 Citations (Scopus)


Battery-charging algorithms can be used for either single- or multiple-battery chemistries. In general, single-chemistry chargers have the advantages of simplicity and reliability. On the other hand, multichemistry chargers, or "universal battery chargers", provide a practical option for multichemistry battery systems, particularly for portable appliances, but they have some limitations. This paper presents a review of some charging algorithms for major batteries, i.e., nickel-cadmium, nickel-metal-hydride, and lithium-ion batteries for single- and multiple-chemistry chargers. A comparison between these algorithms in terms of their charging schemes and charge termination techniques is included. In addition, some trends of recent chargers development are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5688489
Pages (from-to)830-838
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Constant current (CC)
  • constant voltage (CV)
  • inflection point
  • open-circuit voltage (OCV)
  • pulse charging
  • state of charge (SOC)
  • trickle charging
  • voltage drop

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Automotive Engineering


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