A review on aa 6061 metal matrix composites produced by stir casting

Ansar Kareem, Jaber Abu Qudeiri, Asarudheen Abdudeen, Thanveer Ahammed, Aiman Ziout

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

118 Citations (Scopus)


In recent years, many alloys as well as composites of aluminium were developed for enhanced material performance. AA 6061 is an aluminium alloy that has extensive applications due to its superior material characteristics. It is a popular choice of matrix for aluminium matrix composite (AMC) fabrication. This study provides a review on AA 6061 aluminium alloy matrix composites produced through the stir-casting process. It focusses on conventional stir-casting fabrication, process parameters, various reinforcements used, and the mechanical properties of the AA 6061 composites. Several research studies indicated that the stir-casting method is widely used and suitable for fabricating AA 6061 composites with reinforcements such as SiC, B4C, Al2O3, TiC, as well as other inorganic, organic, hybrid, and nanomaterials. The majority of the studies showed that an increase in the reinforcement content enhanced the mechanical and tribological properties of the composites. Furthermore, hybrid composites showed better material properties than single reinforcement composites. The usage of industrial and agricultural residues in hybrid composites is also reported. Future studies could focus on the fabrication of AA 6061 nanocomposites through stir casting and their material characterisation, since they have great potential as advanced materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number175
Pages (from-to)1-22
Number of pages22
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021


  • AA6061 alloy
  • Fabrication methods
  • Metal matrix composites
  • Microstructure
  • Properties
  • Reinforcements
  • Stir casing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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