A Review on Gypsum-Based Composites Reinforced With Palm Fibers in Construction Applications

Bourhaneddine Haba, Farouk Benali, Mohammad Jawaid, Alcides Lopes Leão

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Gypsum-based composite is a widely used material in construction applications; it is a traditional material that is frequently used in non-structural and decoration, such as dry walls and ceilings, because to its benefits, which include environmental aspects, sound and heat insulation capabilities, and fire resistance. Brittleness, poor mechanical properties, and high water absorption are the main drawbacks of gypsum-based composites, limiting their use. Fibers have been employed to improve the performance of gypsum-based composites in a number of research investigations. Natural date palm fibers (DPF) are considered efficient candidate for natural reinforcement in composites that dedicated to various applications due to many reasons, mainly, their low cost, good thermophysical and mechanical properties compared to man-made fibers. Date palm fibers-reinforced gypsum-based composites showed good overall performance and would be more commercially viable as building materials. This paper reviews previous research on date palm fiber-reinforced gypsum-based composites. This paper summarizes, evaluates, and discusses the sources and properties of gypsum and DPFs, the influence of these fibers on the mechanical and thermal properties of the composites, and it highlights the fiber surface treatments to improve the fiber–matrix adhesion.

Original languageEnglish
Article number164
JournalInternational Journal of Thermophysics
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Date palm fibers
  • Gypsum-based composites
  • Surface treatment
  • Thermal and mechanical properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics


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