A Review on the Development of an Integer System Coupling Forward Osmosis Membrane and Ultrasound Waves for Water Desalination Processes

Bara A.K. Al-Sakaji, Sameer Al-Asheh, Munjed A. Maraqa

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This review considers the forward osmosis (FO) membrane process as one of the feasible solutions for water desalination. Different aspects related to the FO process are reviewed with an emphasis on ultrasound assisted FO membrane processes. The different types of membranes used in FO are also reviewed and discussed; thus, their configuration, structure and applications are considered. Coupling ultrasound with FO enhances water flux through the membrane under certain conditions. In addition, this review addresses questions related to implementation of an ultrasound/FO system for seawater desalination, such as the impact on fouling, flow configuration, and location of fouling. Finally, the mechanisms for the impact of ultrasound on FO membranes are discussed and future research directions are suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2710
JournalPolymers
Volume14
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2022

Keywords

  • concentration polarization
  • draw solution
  • forward osmosis
  • fouling
  • scaling
  • seawater
  • ultrasound
  • water flux

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics

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