ABS/Silicon Dioxide Micro Particulate Composite from 3D Printing Polymeric Waste

Noura Al-Mazrouei, Ahmed Ismail, Waleed Ahmed, Ali H. Al-Marzouqi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene matrix composites reinforced with Nano-silica dioxide particles were examined and prepared to study their mechanical properties. The composite sheets were pre-prepared using the hot extrusion process. Due to its wide characteristics, silica dioxide additions can strengthen the usability and mechanical features of composite thermoplastics and polymers. Furthermore, introducing silica dioxide as a filler in various attributes can help to maintain the smooth flow of sufficient powders, reduce caking, and manage viscoelasticity. Despite its advantages, 3D printing generates a significant amount of waste due to limited prints or destroyed support structures. ABS is an ideal material to use because it is a thermoplastic and amorphous polymer with outstanding thermal properties that is also applicable with the FFF (Fused Filament Fabrication) technique. The findings showed that increasing the silica dioxide content re-duces the tensile strength to 22.4 MPa at 10 wt%. Toughness, ductility, and yield stress values of ABS/silica dioxide composites at 15 wt% increased, indicating that the composite material reinforced by the silica dioxide particles improved material characteristics. It is essential to consider the impact of recycling in polymer reinforcement with fillers. Furthermore, the improved mechanical qualities of the composite material encourages successful ABS recycling from 3D printing, as well as the possibility of reusing it in a similar application.

Original languageEnglish
Article number509
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022


  • 3D printing
  • ABS
  • Composite
  • Silicon dioxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics


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