VIP levels were determined in gastroduodenal mucosal biopsies of 8 duodenal ulcer patients, of 5 coeliac sprue patients, and of 8 volunteers without upper gastrointestinal disease. In duodenal ulcer patients, mucosal VIP concentrations were significantly elevated in the proximal duodenum (e.g., in the duodenal bulb 225±48 versus 95±17 pmol/g in controls), while in coeliac sprue VIP levels tended to be increased in the whole duodenum and upper jejunum (e.g., descending duodenum 409±161 versus 81±16, p<0.05). In both disease entities, the rise in mucosal VIP may be a reaction of the peptidergic nervous system to chronic mucosal irritation and a reason for enhanced fluid and electrolyte secretion in the affected areas.
- Coeliac sprue
- Duodenal ulcer
- Gastroduodenal mucosa
- Substance P
- Vasoactive intestinal peptide
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience