Access, Efficiency, Inconvenience, and Scarcity as Issues of Online and Distance Learning in Higher Education

Yagya Prasad Gnawali, Parshu Ram Upadhayaya, Bishnu Sharma, Shashidhar Belbase

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study aimed to explore online and distance learning (ODL) issues related to higher education during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Nepal. We applied an online survey design with a five-point Likert scale. We surveyed 71 (57 male and 14 female) postgraduate students in science education at a public higher education institution in Kathmandu, Nepal. A Principal Component Analysis identified four major constructs as the components of ODL issues. They are scarcity, efficiency, access, and inconvenience. The results of the Independent Samples Test (t-test and ANOVA) showed that participants' views about scarcity were significantly different across their gender (male and female) and device use (mobile, laptop, and desktop). They were not significantly different in their views about efficiency, access, and inconvenience across gender, device use, hometown, age group, ethnicity, and school type at .05 level of significance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1115-1131
Number of pages17
JournalEuropean Journal of Educational Research
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • Distance learning
  • issues on online and distance education
  • student perception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

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