Active fault tolerant control of an octorotor UAV

Abdel Razzak Merheb, Hassan Noura, François Bateman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Redundancy is the key point to design powerful fault tolerant and reliable controllers for dynamic systems. In this chapter, Dynamic Control Allocation method is used to develop an active Fault Tolerant Control (FTC) scheme for the Octorotor redundant UAV system. A Sliding Mode Observer is used for Fault Detection and Isolation (FDI) in order to detect, online, any fault or failure affecting the UAV motors during flight. Whenever a severe fault or a total failure of a rotor or a group of rotors are detected and measured, the gain vector of the dynamic control allocator is updated. This update results in the redistribution of the control effort on healthy actuators, which reduces the effect of the faulty actuators on the overall control vector. The main controller of the octorotor is based on Sliding Mode Control (SMC) technique which is a robust nonlinear control method with considerable immunity against disturbances and uncertainties. The proposed method is compared with Passive Fault Tolerant Sliding Mode Control, Adaptive Active Fault Tolerant Control SMC, and with a similar technique using Pseudo-Inverse method for Control Allocation. Simulation results using Matlab/SimulinkTM show that Fault Tolerant Controllers based on Control Allocation methods outperform both Passive and Active Fault Tolerant Controllers. Dynamic Control Allocation was able to compensate for the effect of multiple severe faults while. taking into account actuator and time constraints. On the other hand, using Pseudo-Inverse Control Allocation method is straightforward and effective, but it reduces the applicability and capabilities of the controller. Here, the actuators speeds and their position limits are not taken into account and the control allocation depends only on the current control demands. Three fault types were used to evaluate the controllers, the loss of effectiveness faults, stuck faults, and additive faults.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationControl Theory
Subtitle of host publicationPerspectives, Applications and Developments
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Pages250-276
Number of pages27
ISBN (Electronic)9781634827300
ISBN (Print)9781634827072
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2015

Keywords

  • Active fault tolerant control
  • Dynamic control allocation
  • Fault detection and isolation
  • Octorotor control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • General Mathematics

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