Active systems

Jun Tae Kim, Jin Hee Kim, Ahmed Hassan, Caroline Hachem, Fred Edmond Boafo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)


The 21st Resolutions of the recent United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of the Parties (COP) outlined, promotion of sustainable energy, sustainable management of natural resources, and maintaining environmental integrity through mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions; towards sustainable development. Renewable energy is sustainable and natural resource is the source of clean energy. Solar energy is the most abundant and inexhaustible renewable energy resource; the sun’s daily irradiation to the earth reaches approximately 10,000 times more energy than the average daily energy consumption of Earth. However, harnessing the sun’s energy efficiently at a reasonable cost comes as a challenge. Building-integrated, building-attached and standalone active systems that convert solar energy into useable forms of heat and electricity as well as wind power and geothermal systems are reliant on solar energy as identified and discussed in this chapter. General planning and methods of integration of various active systems are described in this section.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpringer Tracts in Civil Engineering
Number of pages38
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Publication series

NameSpringer Tracts in Civil Engineering
ISSN (Print)2366-259X
ISSN (Electronic)2366-2603


  • Heat pump
  • Heat transfer fluid
  • Solar collector
  • Space heating
  • Wind turbine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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