Acute Amnestic Syndrome and Ischemic Stroke: A Case Series

Malik Ghannam, Qasem Alshaer, Hope Ukatu, Mohammed Alkuwaiti, Christopher Streib

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose of ReviewStroke is an uncommon cause of amnesia. We describe in detail 3 cases of anterograde amnesia and confabulation secondary to acute ischemic stroke and review the available literature.Recent FindingsIn our case series, all 3 patients presented with anterograde amnesia and 2 of 3 copresented with prominent confabulation. These symptoms were recognized in delayed fashion, and no patients received IV tissue plasminogen activator (tPA). Although stroke infarct topology was variable, all 3 patients had infarction of the fornix. Long-term follow-up was obtained in 2 of 3 patients: both had persistent memory impairment and were no longer functionally independent.SummaryAcute onset anterograde amnesia and confabulation may uncommonly represent acute ischemic stroke. Delays in this diagnosis typically exclude patients from emergent stroke treatment or timely diagnostic stroke evaluation. Clinicians should maintain a high degree of suspicion for ischemic stroke in this setting, especially in patients with comorbid vascular risk factors. Memory impairment secondary to ischemic stroke can produce considerable long-term disability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-267
Number of pages5
JournalNeurology: Clinical Practice
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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