Adherence of Saudi women with epilepsy to folic acid intake in the preconceptional period in two tertiary care hospitals in Riyadh: A cross sectional study

Ali Alanazi, Ahmed Alqahtani, Mohammad Alfahadi, Saleh Alduhayan, Abdulaziz Alfadhel, Waleed Alharbi, Raghad Alharthi, Emad Masuadi, Majed Alhameed, Ahmad Abulaban

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Antiseizure medication have been associated with an increasing risk of congenital anomalies. Medical authorities recommend taking folic acid during the pre-conceptional period to reduce the risk of congenital malformations in the newborns of women with epilepsy (WWE). In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to measure the adherence of Saudi WWE to folic acid intake. We included WWE visiting outpatient epilepsy clinics in King Abdulaziz Medical City and King Fahad Medical City in Riyadh between September 2017 and August 2018. By consecutive non-probability sampling, we identified 85 patients who met the inclusion criteria of the study. The data were collected by a self-administrated questionnaire. We found that the mean age of the subjects was 33 ± 7.5 years. One third were university graduates. Eighty percent were aware of the role of folic acid in preventing congenital anomalies, and 63.9% were taking it during the preconceptional period. No association was found between educational level and adherence to folic acid intake. In conclusion, adherence to folic acid intake among Saudi WWE is not optimal. More efforts are needed to increase patient adherence to folic acid intake.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100532
JournalEpilepsy and Behavior Reports
Volume18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adherence
  • Congenital anomalies
  • Epilepsy
  • Folic acid
  • Women with epilepsy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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