Adsorption of NO and NO 2 molecules on defected-graphene and ozone-treated graphene: First-principles analysis

Muhammad Ali, Nacir Tit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


High sensitivity of ozone-treated graphene towards detecting NO 2 is experimentally reported in literature with a sensor response reaching 1.3 ppb at room temperature. The present investigation focuses on understanding the mechanisms and reasons behind such a high sensitivity. In this study, the adsorption properties of NO and NO 2 molecules on graphene with mono-vacancy (V C ) and ozone-treated graphene (OTG) are studied based on density functional theory (DFT). Our theoretical results show that C vacancies have the ability to produce chemisorption with NO, NO 2 and O 3 molecules. These molecules are shown to be oxidizing to the vacancy and draining charges from the surface. Fermi level of V C and OTG with and without adsorption of gas molecules lies in the middle of conduction band and reveals their metallic character. Based on metallic behavior of studied systems, Drude model of conductivity is explored to evaluate the sensor response towards NO, NO 2 and O 3 . The results show that the chemisorption of NO 2 on V C would lead to high sensor response, compared to that of NO and O 3 . These results are consistent with the experimental data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-36
Number of pages9
JournalSurface Science
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019


  • Binding energy
  • Charge transfer
  • Density functional theory
  • Density of states
  • Gas sensing
  • Sensitivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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