Advances in structural modification of perovskite semiconductors for visible light assisted photocatalytic CO2 reduction to renewable solar fuels: A review

Mohamed Madi, Muhammad Tahir, Sehar Tasleem

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Excessive use of fossil fuels has led to a rapid increase in CO2 concentration in the atmosphere, which remains a major effect on environmental destruction, and the depletion of energy sources. In recent years, photocatalytic CO2 reduction has received much interest, because of its ability to reduce CO2 emissions, while also producing fuels and valuable chemicals. Among the different semiconductor photocatalysts that can convert CO2 under direct sunlight or visible light, perovskite oxides are arguably the most promising due to their high catalyst activity, good stability, long diffusion length, and compositional flexibility that permits the accurate band gap and band edge tuning, along with the easy-to-prepared.In this review, recent developments in structure of perovskite as a photocatalyst have been investigated due to their promising photochemical and textural properties for photocatalytic CO2 reduction. The primary objective is to investigate the fundamentals of photocatalytic CO2 reduction using perovskite photocatalysts, including the principle, thermodynamics, and mechanism. The selection and classification of perovskites and their role in photocatalytic CO2 reduction have also been discussed. In the mainstream, this review is focused particularly on the classification of perovskite with clarification of each way separately for solar energy-assisted photocatalytic CO2 reduction. Different modification approaches are also discussed including heterojunction construction, Z-scheme systems, and the development of photocatalytic stages. Finally, this review provides future perspectives of perovskite photocatalysts for solar energy-assisted up-gradation of the CO2 conversion process to solar fuels.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106264
JournalJournal of Environmental Chemical Engineering
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Band engineering
  • CO photoreduction
  • Heterojunction composite
  • Structural classification of perovskite
  • Visible light responsive perovskites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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