After-meal blood glucose level prediction for type-2 diabetic patients

Benzir Md Ahmed, Mohammed Eunus Ali, Mohammad Mehedy Masud, Mohammad Raihan Azad, Mahmuda Naznin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Type 2 Diabetes, a metabolic disorder disease, is becoming a fast growing health crisis worldwide. It reduces the quality of life, and increases mortality and health care costs unless managed well. After-meal blood glucose level measure is considered as one of the most fundamental and well-recognized steps in managing Type 2 diabetes as it guides a user to make better plans of their diet and thus control the diabetes well. In this paper, we propose a data-driven approach to predict the 2 h after meal blood glucose level from the previous discrete blood glucose readings, meal, exercise, medication, & profile information of Type 2 diabetes patients. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first attempt to use discrete blood glucose readings for 2 h after meal blood glucose level prediction using data-driven models. In this study, we have collected data from five prediabetic and diabetic patients in free living conditions for six months. We have presented comparative experimental study using different popular machine learning models including support vector regression, random forest, and extreme gradient boosting, and two deep layer techniques: multilayer perceptron, and convolutional neural network. We present also the impact of different features in blood glucose level prediction, where we observe that meal has some modest and medication has a good influence on blood glucose level.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere28855
JournalHeliyon
Volume10
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 15 2024

Keywords

  • After-meal glucose
  • Blood glucose prediction
  • Machine learning
  • Type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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