After war then peace: The US-based Liberian diaspora as peace-building norm entrepreneurs

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10 Citations (Scopus)


The US-based Liberian diaspora's role in the country's 14-year civil war and its aftermath is paradoxical. Consistent with existing literature on the role of diasporas in conflict, the group largely played a role contributing to the outbreak of the Civil War and its continuation. However, in a paradigmatic shift, the group is currently contributing towards the peace-building process by serving as norm entrepreneurs. Factors that have contributed to this shift include a strong demand in the homeland for a change in the 'rules of the game', a shift in US foreign policy towards promotion of democracy in Africa, and a concerted regional and international effort at promoting peace-building norms. The inclusiveness of the mechanisms for norm transfer, the conduct of the messengers and local perception of norms, affect the degree to which they are well received.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberfer023
Pages (from-to)93-112
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Refugee Studies
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012


  • Conflict
  • Diaspora
  • Liberian civil war
  • Norm entrepreneur
  • Norms
  • Peace-building

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Political Science and International Relations


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