Age-Structured Modeling of COVID-19 Epidemic in the USA, UAE and Algeria

Soufiane Bentout, Abdessamad Tridane, Salih Djilali, Tarik Mohammed Touaoula

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Citations (Scopus)


As the COVID-19 is still spreading in more than 180 countries, according to WHO. There is a need to understand the dynamics of this infection and predict its the impact on the public health capacity. This work aims to forecast the progress of the disease in three countries from different continents: The United States of America, the United Arab Emirates and Algeria. The existing data shows that the fatality of the disease is high in elderly people and people with comorbidity. Therefore, we consider an age-structured model. Our model also takes into consider two main components of the COVID-19 (a) the number of Infected hospitalized people, therefore, we estimate the number of beds (acute and critical) needed (2) the possible infection of the healthcare personals (HCP). Hence, the model predict the peak time and the number of infectious cases at the peak before and after the implementation of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPI), and we also compare this finding with case of full lockdown. Finally, we investigate the impact of the shortage of proper personal protective equipment (PPE) on the spread of the disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)401-411
Number of pages11
JournalAlexandria Engineering Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021


  • Age-structured
  • Basic reproduction number
  • COVID-19
  • Hospitals capacities
  • Peak epidemic
  • SIR model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering


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