Thoracic manifestation of AIDS are initially diagnosed on plain film studies. Pneumocystis carinii infections are characterised by bi-hilar streaky, interstitial and diffuse micronodular infiltrations. These findings are best seen on thoracic CT examinations. Thoracic Kaposi sarcoma is characterized by larger, rounded interstitial infiltrations. In abdominal AIDS ultrasound is the first screening method. It detects equally well lymph nodes in Kaposi sarcoma as in all lymphomas and opportunistic infections. CT can differentiate between mycobacterium tuberculosis and mycobacterium avium intracellulare infections, becausee of the central low-density lymphoma in tubercolosis.
- Kaposi sarcoma
- Pneumocystis carinii infection
- computed tomography
- plain film study
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging