Ammonia and fuel cell technology

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Energy transmission and storage for energy systems are mainly concerned with renewable energy sources such as wind turbines and solar panels. Ammonia fuel cells are crucial apparatus utilized to abstract the chemical energy in ammonia and change it into highly efficient power. The concept of green ammonia has recently recognized the potential for ammonia as a hydrogen carrier. Ammonia, with its high hydrogen content and carbon-free, is a clean fuel. Ammonia-fueled solid oxide fuel cells are among the most encouraging fuel cells expected to have an extensive application. The presence of an appropriate catalyst at the anode side is crucial, as it facilitates the decay of ammonia into nitrogen and hydrogen, resulting in carbon-free emissions. Concerning cost and sources, Ni-based catalysts are more favored substitute applicants to Ru-based catalysts. Researchers believed that ammonia is promising clean alternative fuel with high potential. The priority is the ammonia production using renewable energy sources, followed by its transformation into energy. The up-to-date progress in ammonia fuel cells shows how close this technology is to implementation with future applications and the appropriateness of ammonia as a feed to the fuel cell. The chapter compares the emerging various fuel cells using ammonia as a fuel and its potential industrial applications. The chapter discloses the prospects for ammonia exploitation for potential future achievements for clean energy and related challenges for power generation, focusing on ammonia-driven solid oxide fuel cells and the recent development in ammonia fuel cell technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProgresses in Ammonia
Subtitle of host publicationScience, Technology and Membranes
PublisherElsevier
Pages373-389
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9780323885027
ISBN (Print)9780323984676
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2024

Keywords

  • ammonia
  • clean technology
  • electrochemical reactions
  • energy
  • Fuel cell
  • hydrogen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • General Chemical Engineering

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