An empirical investigation on the role of self-efficacy, outcome expectations, anxiety, and trust in B2C e-commerce from the aspects of social cognitive theory

Mahmoud Al-Dalahmeh, Anas Aloudat, Omar Al-Hujran, Mutaz M. Al-Debei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


There is a stressing need in the literature for the application of the well-known social cognitive theory in the area of electronic commerce (e-commerce), but more specifically, in the developing countries such as Jordan. To better understand how individual differences influence the use of e-commerce (B2C e-commerce) a conceptual framework was developed and modeled based on Bandura's social cognitive theory to test the importance of dynamic and stable traits (i.e., e-commerce self-efficacy, outcome expectations, trait anxiety, e-commerce anxiety, and consumer trust) on the intention of an individual to shop online. A self-administered questionnaire was used to capture the data from individual users in Jordan, from whom only 3% are e-commerce users (Arab Advisors Group Survey, 2011). In order to test the hypotheses introduced in the research model of this study, a method that engages individuals in a free simulation of real-life e-commerce situations was adopted. The findings indicate that e-commerce self-efficacy, outcome expectation, technology anxiety, and consumer trust are all significant predictors of the Jordanian intention to use e-commerce. E-commerce self-efficacy was the second powerful factor after consumer trust in determining consumer intention to shop online. In addition, this study surprisingly shows that general self-efficacy and trait anxiety do not influence the specific e-commerce self-efficacy. From a theoretical perspective, the study attempts to further our understanding of the nomological network of individual differences that lead to e-commerce usage. From a practical perspective, the findings can help in designing more effective strategies aiming to increase the use of e-commerce for individuals with different dispositional characteristics by providing some valuable insights into the performance and adoption of e-commerce by individual customers. These insights can help designers/developers, implementers, and managers of organizations of e-commerce systems to improve the effectiveness of their electronic services and increase the usage rates of e-commerce in the developing world in general.

Original languageEnglish
Article number96
Pages (from-to)656-672
Number of pages17
JournalLife Science Journal
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • B2C e-commerce
  • E-commerce adoption
  • Outcome expectations
  • Psychological factors
  • Self-efficacy
  • Social cognitive theory
  • Technology anxiety
  • Trait anxiety
  • Trust

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology


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