An experimental investigation of the melting process in a rectangular enclosure

Y. Wang, A. Amiri, K. Vafai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

114 Citations (Scopus)


An experimental investigation of the melting process in the vicinity of a heated vertical wall in a rectangular enclosure is presented in this work. A flat-plate heat pipe was used to provide a uniform temperature source. The liquid flow patterns during the melting process were captured and the instantaneous marching of the liquid-solid interface was presented. In addition, the temperature distributions in the phase change material were measured at the mid-plane as well as top and bottom walls of the enclosure. Three different heat transfer regimes were identified during the melting process. The parametric domain covered the range of Ra=2.02 x 106-2.61 x 107, Ste Fo=0.001-0.125 and Pr=804-1055 while the critical Rayleigh number where the transition from the conduction to the convection regime occurs was found to be in the range of 7.869 x 106-3.237 x 107. It was found that the melt volume fraction and the time-averaged Nusselt number can be correlated by: V/V(o)=4.73Fo0.906 Ste1.538 Ra0.002 and Nu=0.0219Ra0.387 Pr0.0191(H/δ)0.0621 respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3659-3672
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


Dive into the research topics of 'An experimental investigation of the melting process in a rectangular enclosure'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this