Analytical solution for facilitated transport across a membrane

Mohamed Hassan Al-Marzouqi, Kees J.A. Hogendoorn, Geert F. Versteeg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An analytical expression for the facilitation factor of component A across a liquid membrane is derived in case of an instantaneous reaction A(g) + B(l) ⇔ AB(l) inside the liquid membrane. The present expression has been derived based on the analytical results of Olander (A.I.Ch.E. J. 6(2) (1960) 233) obtained for the enhancement factor for G-L systems with bulk. The analytical expression for the facilitation factor allows for arbitrary diffusivities of all species involved and does not contain any simplification or approximations. The facilitation factor starts from the value of unity, goes through a maximum and then reduces back to unity as the equilibrium constant is increased. The maximum facilitation factor occurs at higher values of the equilibrium constant as the ratio of the permeate-complex over carrier diffusivity is reduced whereas the maximum facilitation factor occurs at the same value of the equilibrium constant for all values of DA/DB (ratio of the permeate over carrier diffusivity). A similar behavior is seen for the flux of A as a function of the equilibrium constant. The facilitation factor remains constant with changes in the film thickness whereas the flux of A reduces with an increase in the thickness of the film. A linear increase of the facilitation factor and flux of A are seen with increasing initial carrier concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4817-4829
Number of pages13
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Volume57
Issue number22-23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 11 2002

Keywords

  • Diffusion coefficients
  • Enhancement factor
  • Facilitated transport
  • Instantaneous reaction
  • Liquid membranes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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