This study employs mixed quantum-classical dynamics (MQCD) formalism to evaluate the linear electronic dipole moment time correlation function (DMTCF) in which a Morse oscillator serves to model the associated vibrations in a mixed quantum-classical (MQC) environment. While the main purpose of this work is to study the applicability of MQCD formalism to anharmonic systems in condensed phase, approximate schemes to physically evaluate the mathematically divergent integrals have been developed in order to deal with the essential singularities that arise while evaluating the Morse oscillator canonical partition function and the DMTCF in MQC systems in the classical limit. The motivation for numerically and analytically evaluating these divergent integrals is that a partition function of any system should lead to a finite value at any temperature and therefore this divergence is unphysical. Additionally, since a partition function is to signify the number of accessible states to the system at hand, divergent results are not physically acceptable. As such, straightforward approximate analytic expressions, at different levels of rigor, for both the classical Morse oscillator partition function and the DMTCF in MQC systems are derived, for the first time. Calculations of Morse oscillator partition function values using different approaches at various temperatures for CO, HCl, and I2 molecules, showing good results, are presented to test the expressions derived herein. It is found that this divergence, due to singularity, diminishes upon lowering the temperature and only arises at high temperatures. The gradual diminishing of the singularity upon lowering the temperature is sensible since the Morse potential fits the parabolic potential at low temperatures. Model calculations and discussion of the DMTCF and linear absorption spectra in MQC systems using the molecular constants of CO molecule are provided. The linear absorption lineshape is derived by two methods, one of which is asymptotic expansion.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Physics and Astronomy
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry