Antimicrobial effects of chitosan and garlic against Salmonella spp., Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Listeria monocytogenes in hummus during storage at various temperatures

Tareq M. Osaili, Anas A. Al-Nabulsi, Fayeza Hasan, Amin N. Olaimat, Sadi Taha, Mutamed Ayyash, Dima S. Nazzal, Ioannis N. Savvaidis, Reyad S. Obaid, Richard Holley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract: The study aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of 0.5 or 1% (w/w) chitosan and 1% (w/w) garlic against Salmonella spp., Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Listeria monocytogenes in hummus dip stored at 4, 10, or 25°C for 28, 21, or 7 days, respectively. In hummus without garlic, at all storage temperatures and storage periods, 0.5% chitosan decreased Salmonella spp., E. coli O157:H7, and L. monocytogenes by 0.9–2.3, 0.6–2.3, and 0.9–1.3 log CFU/g, respectively. In comparison, 1% chitosan decreased the numbers by 1.6–2.9, 1.4–2.7, and 1.3–1.8 log CFU/g, respectively. In hummus with 1% garlic, 0.5% chitosan decreased Salmonella spp., E. coli O157:H7, and L. monocytogenes by 0.7–2.5, 0.6–2.2, and 1.0–1.5 log CFU/g, respectively. Furthermore, 1% chitosan decreased the numbers by 1.6–2.8, 1.2–2.7, and 1.5–1.6 log CFU/g, respectively. With few exceptions, adding 1% garlic to hummus did not result in any significant reduction (at p < 0.05) in microbial numbers. The greatest decreases of Salmonella spp., E. coli O157:H7, and L. monocytogenes were 3.1, 3.6, and 2.9 log CFU/g with 1% chitosan held at 4°C for 28 days. The highest overall acceptability was for hummus with 0.5% chitosan + 1% garlic. Commercial use of chitosan is expected to help producers improve hummus safety. Practical Application: Hummus is consumed worldwide as a dip due to its taste and health benefits. Microbial safety of hummus can be enhanced by incorporating chitosan, derived from the natural polymer chitin, into the formulation. This enhanced recipe would be a bonus for producers and consumers alike.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)833-844
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Food Science
Volume87
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022

Keywords

  • antimicrobial
  • chickpea dip
  • foodborne pathogens
  • natural preservatives
  • temperature abuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

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