Four structurally related peptides with potent growth-inhibitory activity towards Escherichia coli were isolated from an extract of the stomach of the European green frog Rana esculenta, and were identified as members of the brevinin-2 family. Two peptides, termed brevinin-2Eg (GIMDTLKNLA10 KTAGKGALQS20 LLNHASCK LS30GQC) and brevinin-2Eh (GIMDTLKNLA10 KTAGKGALQS20 LLNHASCKL S30 KQC) have not been described previously. One peptide is identical to brevinin-2Ec, previously isolated from R. esculenta skin secretions, and one peptide is identical to brevinin-2Ef whose structure has been deduced from a cloned cDNA prepared from a R. esculenta skin cDNA library. The data demonstrate that certain peptides of the brevinin-2 family, like the magainins in the toad, Xenopus laevis, may play an important role in protecting the gastrointestinal tract of Ranid frogs against microbial invasion.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 30 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology