Application of WLF and arrhenius kinetics to rheology of selected dark-colored honey

Kamal I.M. Al-Malah, Basim Abu-Jdayil, Shahera Zaitoun, Abd Al Majeed Ghzawi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)


The rheological properties of Common Black Horehound, Globe Thistle, and Squill types of dark-colored Jordanian honey were examined. The types of honey used were identified via assessing the source of nectar using pollen analysis (Melissopalynology). The apparent viscosity, η, was measured as a function of the shear rate, γ̇. In addition, the apparent viscosity was measured, at constant shear rate (6.12 s-1), as a function of shearing time. Newton's law of viscosity (i.e., τ = ηγ̇) was found to adequately (R2 ∼ 0.99) describe the flow behavior of honey samples. The apparent viscosity was found to decrease with temperature, and the temperature dependence of viscosity was contrasted versus both Arrhenius model (η = ηoeEa/RT) and WLF model (η/ηG = 10 ((C1(T-TG)/C2+(T-TG)))). Although Arrhenius kinetics may fit the viscosity versus temperature data for the examined types of honey, nevertheless, it gives a relatively high value of activation energy that is quite comparable with, if not even larger than, that of a typical chemical reaction. On the other hand, WLF-model was found to adequately describe the data while at the same time it gives quite reasonable values of both TG and ηG, which are in agreement with those cited in literature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)341-357
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Food Process Engineering
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • General Chemical Engineering


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