Arrhenius energy on asymmetric flow and heat transfer of micropolar fluids with variable properties: A sensitivity approach

M. Saraswathy, D. Prakash, M. Muthtamilselvan, Qasem M. Al Mdallal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Micropolar fluid flow in a channel with variable viscosity, variable thermal conductivity and activation energy is examined numerically using the Runge–Kutta Fehlberg method in this article. Two different boundary conditions are postulated in this study namely Prescribed Surface Temperature (PST) and Newtonian Heating (NH). The numerical outcomes are compared to check the precision of the suggested problem. Significant metrics like Reynolds number, Peclet number for heat and mass transfer, Schmidt number, Activation energy and chemical reaction parameter are graphically described. The influence of the parameters like spin gradient viscosity, vortex viscosity, micro-inertia density on the flow fields are discussed and shown. According to the graphic data, the velocity increases as the viscosity parameter increases whereas the temperature decays for larger values of variable thermal conductivity and also, activation energy enhances the concentration profile. The variation in viscosity parameter shows a significant effect on thermal distribution. The viscosity variation parameter enhances the shear stress and the couple stress. The Peclet number for heat transmission displays a changing effect for high and low Biot numbers regardless of the effect of variable thermal conductivity. This analysis tabulates the link between Nusselt number and Sherwood number over a Peclet number for heat and mass transfer. The skin friction coefficient increases with the viscosity parameter ∊ whereas enhancement in the thermal conductivity parameter decreases the Nusselt number. Furthermore, sensitivity analysis is carried here by developing RSM in order to identify the variations in the input values for the parameters Peh,Pem and N1. The response surface equation is created by using the software package MINITAB-16 by design of experiments. The regression model's quality of fit is assessed by using the Analysis of Variance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12329-12352
Number of pages24
JournalAlexandria Engineering Journal
Volume61
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Activation energy
  • Heat transfer
  • Mass transfer
  • Micropolar fluid
  • Response surface methodology
  • Sensitivity analysis
  • Variable thermal conductivity
  • Variable viscosity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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