Artificial speech detection using image-based features and random forest classifier

Choon Beng Tan, Mohd Hanafi Ahmad Hijazi, Frazier Kok, Mohd Saberi Mohamad, Puteri Nor Ellyza Nohuddin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The ASVspoof 2015 Challenge was one of the efforts of the research community in the field of speech processing to foster the development of generalized countermeasures against spoofing attacks. However, most countermeasures submitted to the ASVspoof 2015 Challenge failed to detect the S10 attack effectively, the only attack that was generated using the waveform concatenation approach. Hence, more informative features are needed to detect previously unseen spoofing attacks. This paper presents an approach that uses data transformation techniques to engineer image-based features together with random forest classifier to detect artificial speech. The objectives are two-fold: (i) to extract image-based features from the mel-frequency cepstral coefficients representation of the speech signal and (ii) to compare the performance of using the extracted features and Random Forest to determine the authenticity of voices with the existing approaches. An audio-to-image transformation technique was used to engineer new features in classifying genuine and spoof voices. An experiment was conducted to find the appropriate combination of the engineered features and classifier. Experimental results showed that the proposed approach was able to detect speech synthesis and voice conversion attacks effectively, with an equal error rate of 0.10% and accuracy of 99.93%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-172
Number of pages12
JournalIAES International Journal of Artificial Intelligence
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022


  • Anti-spoofing voice recognition
  • Artificial speech detection
  • Speaker recognition
  • Speaker verification
  • Voice presentation attack detection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Information Systems and Management
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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