Assessing the symptoms of Internet Gaming Disorder among college/university students: An international validation study of a self-report

Dejan Stevanović, Ana Dorić, Yatan Pal Singh Balhara, Nikola Ćirović, Sidharth Arya, Ramdas Ransing, Tuong Vi Vu Thi, Truong Ngoc Huong, Ivana Tadić, Jelena Jović, Saša Radovanović, Helin Yilmaz Kafali, Gamze Erzin, Zahir Vally, Mita Rani Roy Chowdhury, Pawan Sharma, Rabi Shakya, Paulo Moreira, Atilola Olayinka, Avicenna MohamadLuís Antônio Monteiro Campos, Pedro de Abreu Monteiro Campos, Cristiane Moreira Silva, Jose Carlos Tavares, Massimiliano Buoli, Julius Burkauskas, Iva Ivanovic, Anna Rebeka Szczegielniak, Rajna Knez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


The present study evaluated the psychometric properties of a self-report scale for assessing Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) symptoms according to the DSM-5 and ICD-11 among 3270 college/univers ity students (2095 [64.1%] females; age mean 21.6 [3.1] years) from different countries worldwide. Croatian, English, Polish, Portuguese, Serbian, Turkish, and Vietnamese versions of the scale were tested. The study showed that symptoms of IGD could be measured as a single underlying factor among college/university students. A nine itemsymptom scale following DSM-5, and a short four-item scale representing the main ICD-11 symptoms, had sound internal consistency and construct validity. Three symptom-items were found non-invariant across the language samples (i.e., preoccupation with on-line gaming, loss of interests in previous hobbies and entertainment, and the use of gaming to relieve negative moods). This study provides initial evidence for assessing IGD symptoms among college/university students and will hopefully foster further research into gaming addiction in this population worldwide especially with taking into account language/cultural differences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-63
Number of pages21
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Cross-cultural equivalence
  • IGD
  • Internet gaming

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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