Assessment of essential and toxic mineral elements in bitter gourd (Momordica Charantia) fruit

Melita Kosanovic, Mohamed Y. Hasan, George Petroianu, Ahmed Marzouqi, Omar Abdularhman, Abdu Adem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


In the United Arab Emirates (UAE), overall diabetes prevalence in adult population is around 20%. Along with, or instead of oral hypoglycemic drugs and insulin, some patients use bitter gourd (Momrodica charantia) because of its hypoglycemic properties. The aim of this study was to assess the essential (Ca, Mg, V, Cr, Mn, Co, Cu, Zn, and Mo) and toxic (As, Cd, Hg, and Pb) trace elements of bitter gourd using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Mean concentrations of each essential element were compared with literature data. Toxic As and Cd could not be detected, while Hg and Pb concentrations in our samples were much lower compared to values reported previously from contaminated areas. Results obtained in our study after ICP-MS/MW analysis, indicate that bitter gourd can be a good source of essential elements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)766-773
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Food Properties
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2009


  • Antidiabetic
  • Bitter gourd
  • ICP-MS
  • Trace elements

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Assessment of essential and toxic mineral elements in bitter gourd (Momordica Charantia) fruit'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this