OBJECTIVE: To assess the level of knowledge and practice related to TB and identify predictive factors in three prisons in eastern Ethiopia: Dire Dawa, Jijiga and Harar. DESIGN: Between July and November 2008, 382 TB patients and suspects were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and ordinal logistic regression. RESULTS: Only six (1.6%) prisoners described the cause of TB as being bacterial, while a wind locally known as 'nefas' was frequently mentioned (36.1%); nearly 75% of the prisoners correctly described breath as a mode of TB transmission; 116 (30.7%) did not know any measures for TB prevention and control; and half of the participants did not know that anti-tuberculosis drugs were provided free of charge. Significant predictors of TB knowledge were: incarceration in the Jijiga (OR 9.62, P < 0.001) and Dire Dawa (OR 2.14, P = 0.016) prisons, those who did not consult and receive treatment for TB symptoms (OR 2.46, P < 0.001), and prisoners without a past history of TB (OR 2.72, P = 0.002). CONCLUSION: The study demonstrates that prisoners have a modest level of biomedical knowledge. As part of the National TB Programme, health education programmes need to be implemented to enhance prisoners' knowledge of TB.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2011|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Infectious Diseases