Association between HCV infection and diabetes type 2 in Egypt: Is it time to split up?

Diego F. Cuadros, F. De Wolfe Miller, Nico Nagelkerke, Laith J. Abu-Raddad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: There is a conflicting evidence about the association between hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and diabetes mellitus. The objective of this study was to assess this association in Egypt, the country with the highest HCV prevalence in the world. Methods: The source of data was from the Egypt Demographic and Health Survey conducted in 2008. Using multivariable logistic regression analyses to account for known confounders, the association was investigated at two levels']: (1) HCV exposure (HCV antibody status) and diabetes mellitus and (2) diabetes mellitus and chronic HCV infection (HCV RNA status) among HCV-exposed individuals. Results: We found no evidence for an association between HCV antibody status and diabetes (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 0.87; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.63-1.19). However, among HCV-exposed individuals, we found an evidence for an association between diabetes and active HCV infection (adjusted OR = 2.44, 95% CI, 1.30-4.57). Conclusions: Although it does not appear that HCV exposure and diabetes are linked, there might be an association between diabetes and chronic HCV infection. The HCV-diabetes relationship may be more complex than previously anticipated. Therefore, a call for an "amicable divorce" to the HCV-diabetes relationship could be premature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)918-923
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Epidemiology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Chronic infection
  • Diabetes
  • Egypt
  • Hepatitis C virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology


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